But he also ruled Sicily’s famous and blessed Greek city — a city blessed both economically and politically. A canter-tour of Syracuse ended with the unique nymphaeum. Followed maybe a play attended at the Greek theatre; Helen created by Euripides. Later, Pegasos may have stayed the Island’s heat within Athena’s ageless temple constructed as an ode to victory .*26 Linked as they were, the goddess probably passing thereabouts would have affectionately tucked Pegasos into her Attican helmet before proceeding upon errands towards Lucania . Meanwhile Syracuse proudly diffused arresting and creative coinage portraying Pegasos, its Celators reaching impressive levels of numismatic craft .

Throughout Magna Graecia Pegasos possibly caught glimpses of his delusive mother noting countless images revering her. But doubtless he recalled Melpomene’s emotive whisperings recounting his mother’s nocturnal ways, haunting underworld caves and raving over her gloomy bier. Pegasos was to Medusa what Persephone was to Demeter, only reversed, he above, his mother below.
*3 .
Once Italy finally sighted Pegasos may have first alighted at splendid Syracuse to converse with Pherenikos the racehorse. Muse Calliope attended puissant kings thus surely invited her protégé to greet Hiero ( Hieron ), king of Syracuse who possessed this victorious steed “the king who joyeth in gallant steeds” *1.
By generous permission of Malter Galleries, a counterstamped Pegasos on reverse of this AE coin of Mydos, Caria, 2nd-1st century B.C. Wings spread, an eagle upon a thunderbolt.
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus.
Skepsis, Troas, circa 400 B.C. AE . Obv: Forepart of Pegasus Rev: Fir tree within linear square, all within incuse square. mcintosh55.com/Pegasus/peggreek.html
Didrachm of Velia, Lucania
Syracuse circa 310 B.C. times of Agathokles. AR Stater. Pegasos/triskelis. Athena right. Author's collection.
Image by permission of Bill Welsh http://www.moonmoth.demon.co.uk/c_medusa.html Amisos, Pontos bronze coin of 85-65 B.C. Perseus and Pegasos
Pegasos' typically oriental
image upon coinage of Tlos.
Dardanelles/ Photo NASA
Akarnania, Thyrrheion. ca. 350 to 300 BC. Silver stater. Thyrrheion, ca. 350 to 300 BC. Denomination : Silver stater. Reference : Sear Greek - 2391 variety. With permission from Robert Kokotailo: http://www.calgarycoin.com
Perchance the Black Sea’s Amisos tempted next. Fertile and fruit-growing, cherries apparently originated here. Known for its foundries, a legacy foregoing Scythians and Hittites deposited, prosperity contentedly would persevere from iron and steel. This is today’s Anatolian northeast, once named Pontus where people retained a deep Persian ethos. In this land of abundance Pegasos may have discovered himself coined with Perseus as appointed obverse.

Leaving Pontus, nostalgia likely led the equine paces towards a poignant passage through ancient Lycia of the purple hills and pine. Maybe Pegasos paused next Xanthos’ tombs, lambent and outspread against the skyline where tenanted hero-king Sarpedon — fallen speared during the Trojan war. (The King was attested the offspring of Laodamia, Bellerophone’s daughter). Advancing from hence Pegasos probably meandered towards beckoning Tlos. . About his eye played a votive tear since here his companion reposed, eyelids closed beneath stone-shadowed silence. Perchance a passing breeze intoned the words of Euripides :
“All is change; all yields its place and departs”

He who once sought brilliance lay cast away, entombed, overlooking majestic Xanthus valley. So remains Bellerophone till this very day.

Throughout Lycia a mysterious whirling triskelis persistently raced Pegasos, even pursuing the horse upon coins. He thus seldom travelled alone. [see Triskelis site]


Leisuring forth he would surely encounter one of the World’s Seven Wonders, the stately Mausoleum overlooking Halikarnassos, home of Herodotus. Here Mausollos erected an awesome sanctum-tomb, his own. Caria’s Persian Satrap and his spouse Artemisia ordered life-size statues representing lions, horses and other wise beasts Greek artists chose: Pythis, Scopas, Leochares, Bryaxis, and Timotheus or Praxiteles. Arose a quadriga cresting the edifice. *9 The colourful monument soared (wrote Pliny) one hundred and forty feet, hosting fierce battles in stone. Friezes wound chariot races to enchant the eye and many marvels posed lifelike in Pentelic or Parian marbles.
Revered throughout Caria, coinage such as that of nearby Myndos is found countermarked with the horse’s effigy. Harboured in the Bodrum peninsula, Myndos was ancient Caria’s dynamic port where silver mines have been recently discovered.*13 Most Carian cities portrayed Pegasos.

At will the steed no doubt repaired after through Lycia’s eastern parts following its streams and deep gorges till reaching mysterious Olympos seeking the blue sea. It descends a rainbow valley of wild grapevines (not to confuse with Mount Olympos in today’s Greece). Probably with a concern to know, Pegasos likely sought what remained of the Chimaera. Near a town possessing this name, the horse discerned little aglow within its rocky pyre save the beast’s spirit breathing feebly a wispy fire. As these words are written yet bestirs the rekindling flame.*15

With a hum in his wings he possibly reached Skepsis in Troas and Mysia’s Lampsakos established by Lydia (later an Achaemanian possession), a producer of cherished wines conveyed to Persia’s kings.
Once fleeing these appealing regions, Xenophon (428-354 B.C.), as an adventive warrior and fugitive-hero, chronicled a historical coup “The Great Escape”, The Anabasis of Cyrus with which Pegasos was probably familiar. Through the author’s declarations queue numerous currency and weight standards particular to the times, such as: the mina, siglos, daric, kyzikene and the talent. Lampsakos’ distinctive coining fashioned the forepart of gallant Pegasos from the sixth century B.C. onwards. Advancing west the horse may have noted Mysia’s officialdom actuated elaborate coinage to cultivate his mother’s death-at-gaze. Obverses affiliated her with the Aegis. Thus betokened Medusa was even Parium’s claimed emblem. The place had been named after Paris, son of Troy’s affluent King Priam. Positioned along Hellespont’s slender passage, the area was esteemed for semi-transparent ivory marble. The Strait conformably maintained strategic roles during the Trojan War and future acharnements. Here Pegasos possibly abandoned the cerulean Marmara to face again the familiar Aegean.

Likely came another sea-crossing, coiling waves racing the sun-tipped wings aloft. Wild as the winds, Poseidon may have surfaced ‘’with ivory shoulder’’ abandoning his cool bedding and underwater palace to follow along. Ordering his sea-chariot drawn by hippocamps, dolphins and other creatures surely enringed the charioteer.
“Dolphins about their king swarmed in wild rapture of homage bowing backs, and seemed like live things o'er the hazy sea swimming, albeit all of silver wrought.”
Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy
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