Triskelis notes
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Also spelt triskeles and also referred to at times as three-pointed pinwheels.

*2 Olympiad dates are quoted from various 21st century information sources, however we noted numbering begins from 776 B.C according to certain specialists, and 884 B.C. according to others. All agree the Games lasted approximately twelve centuries (884.B.C./776 B.C. - A.D. 394). It has been indicated records do not precede the given dates because no winners' names are known prior to these times. Literary and archaeological guides hint the Games existed as far back as the 10th or 9th century B.C. We wondered if connections exist between Olympic or battle victories and the placing of triskelions' specific years upon the coins of Greece and Magna Graecia.

Olympia's coins were only struck during the Events, every four years. Cleanthis Palaeologos, Honorary Directorof the National Academy of Physical Culture of Greece offers us an interesting insight into the Olympics : and for those wishing more in depth information: (go to public games and sacred festivals).
*3 Egypt's fascinating Tell el-Amarna tablets discovered in 1887 contain mostly correspondence sent to Egyptian Pharaos mid 14th century B.C. The signatories were : Kings of Babylonia, Assyria and various rulers of the Near East.
*4 Depending upon sources Considerable differences exist dating the Trojan War. We decided to use the date cited by Larousse dictionary.
*5 This standard is studied in depth by :
*6 Ancient monetary systems:
*7 Treviri : the city of Trèves region — Gaul.
*8 The bowl is from Museo Archeologico Regionale di Agrigento. inv. Ag 4328 Cleveland Museum of art exhibition : Magna Graecia : Greek art from Italy and Sicily .
*9 This image is viewable at:
Go to : the Trojan War/Achilles dragging the corpse of Hector.
*10 The New Larousse Encyclopedia of Mythology, 1985-pg 101
*11 This myth is recounted from the Larousse Encyclopedia of Mythology. There are other versions such as Virgil III,578 .
*12 Museums such as :
the Chora Archaeological Museum ( Messina)
— the Herakleion Archaeological Museum ( Kamares style )
— the British Museum presents a 580-530 B.C. Greek spiral motif wine jar found at Vulci (today's Lazio) Italy.
*13 Bracteates are pendants or other jewellery, decorated on one side, often in gold relief. They were copies of Roman medals upon which Nordic peoples replaced their own motifs.
*14 In 1806 Napoleon's older brother Giuseppe Napoleone Bonaparte became King but was succeeded by Gioacchine Napoleone Murat, Napoleon's brother-in-law. By 1815 Ferdinando IV returned to Naples, reuniting the two kingdoms. In Naples the King's title was Ferdinanco IV but in Sicily, Ferdinanco III, and meanwhile the monarch remained Ferdinando I of the Two Sicilies. No small confusion. He was succeeded by Ferdinando II whose epithet was King Bomba !
*15 Phocaeans also founded Massalia, today's Marseille.
*16 It is thanks to the helping hand of Professor Patricia Lawrence (Baton Rouge, LA.)
the Athenian coin came to light for this study.
*17 Author: “Dilip Rajpor has studied 10,000 punch-marked coins and 66 coin-hoards. Based on this study, he has forwarded a Catalogue of Coins of 1288 coin varieties in electrum, silver and copper. All these coins are classified into 83 Coin Series assignable to 17 Janapadas. This attribution is a synthesis of two important factors, provenance of coins and location of ancient Janapadas during the early historic period.”
*18 This spheric symbol sometimes described as a “spade device” is found on cylinder seals, one Babylonian
example dated 800-600 B.C. is to be found in the Schoyen collection.
*19 Other descriptions mention severed heads bound to saddle horns.
*20 ****
*21 for detailed information see: Alexander coins.
*22   See Grove Dictionary of Art and the controversy of Nike  
*23   See Bibliography “The Coins of Mongol Empire”.  
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